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To better understand what CBD is, we must understand the plants it comes from.
CBD, or Cannabidiol, is a natural compound extracted from Cannabis plants. Usually, most of the CBD makers source their CBD from Industrial Hemp, a non-psychoactive Cannabis plant, or from marijuana with low THC content (less than 0.3%).
CBD is sometimes called a “miracle compound” due to the way it interacts with the body’s Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The body’s ECS is made up of cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) and is positively influenced when CBD is absorbed and metabolized.
Your ECS is responsible for regulating functions such as mood, pain, sleep, anxiety, inflammation and GI tract functions and much more. Taking CBD can help control and even improve these functions.
Related article: THC and CBD, and the Entourage Effect!
Most of the marijuana strains and products out there in the marijuana market/industry contain more than 0.3% THC in it, and relatively very low CBD levels. They have been specifically developed and grown for its psychoactive effects on the human mind.
CBD products, on the other hand, come mainly from the industrial crop of hemp that has been grown for centuries for its fiber. It has very low levels of THC (less than 0.3%). Industrial Hemp was grown tall for its fibers in the stalk. Strong, versatile, fast growing.
Related article: How to choose the perfect strain for your lifestyle?
Cannabis plants have more than 400 different chemical compounds. Some of these compounds are found in other species of plants. Of these 400 compounds, more than 60 are specific to the cannabis. These specific compounds are called cannabinoids.
Cannabidiol, or CBD, is powerful and unique among the cannabinoids.
CBD hemp oil is not like medical marijuana. It is made from high CBD and low THC hemp. The small amounts of THC in this product are counteracted by the high levels of CBD.
CBD, like all cannabinoids, interacts with receptors in the brain and in the body. Because it is non-psychotropic, it cannot result in the altered perceptions and euphoria brought on by high THC compounds.
Because of this, CBD is a safer, less controversial, and more legal alternative to those seeking the health benefits. CBD products, made from hemp, are legal in all 50 states in the United States.
The human body includes receptors for cannabinoids. While CBD isn’t psychotropic and doesn’t alter perceptions of reality or produce euphoria, it does work on the brain.
Scientists say human bodies naturally produce cannabinoids called endocannabinoids. Because of this, brain cells include CB1 receptors, affected by THC and causing an altered reality and euphoria, and CB2 receptors, which are found in other types of cells, including those in the digestive system and immune system.
CBD works on the brain, the other cannabinoid and opioid receptors, targeting a variety of proteins in the brain and nervous system. The interaction with these receptors and other signaling devices, it can relieve pain, anxiety, and nausea. There is also a possibility that CBD can positively affect the whole body working as an anti-inflammatory or antioxidant. It may also help the bones and immune system.
Certified CBD products will NOT get you high. CBD used in certified CBD products are either isolated or full spectrum, contain close to zero traces of the psychoactive cannabinoid, THC, not more than 0.3% THC.
On the other hand, keep in mind that CBD doesn't block the side effects of THC (stimulant, paranoia, increased heart rate, etc.) however, it modulates it. CBD reduces (or balances) the high that can come from THC.
So as soon as you're following the suggested doses, it will be very hard to get high off of certified CBD products.
While some people describe the feel they get after consuming CBD as high from hemp, it's more likely they have just misconstrued the "high" part from marijuana. It's not a THC high; no rapid heartbeat, no euphoria, no anxiety or paranoia. It's more a satisfied and relaxed feeling.
The 2018 farm Bill will legalize hemp, and remove CBD from the controlled substances act.
So, yes! CBD products are federally legal to sell, buy, and consume throughout the United States. Whether the CBD was extracted from hemp or cannabis, every CBD product has to be tested for less than 0.3% THC (by dry weight), otherwise, it will be illegal.
All legitimate CBD companies hire third-party labs to test their products to ensure they are genuine and suitable for your overall health.
There is evidence the CBD oil can treat some forms of epileptic seizures. In the UK, trials using a purified CBD oil reduced seizures by 40% in children with Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrom. As in all medications, some children did not respond at all. CBD may help some people, but it will not solve every ailment for every body.
Current scientific and clinical research of CBD, some sponsored by the US government, is in progress. These test for it’s potential as a treatment for a wide range of conditions. Among these are arthritis, diabetes, alcoholism, MS, chronic-pain, schizophrenia, PTSD, depression, antibiotic-resistant infections, epilesy, other neurological disorders and cancer.
There are dozens of human studies which are strongly suggestive of benefits BUT they're not conclusive yet. For this reason, what works for one person may not work the same way on another body.
As with any medication, if there are good effects when using CBD, there are also potential unwanted side effects. Neither the positive or negative effects have been studied enough in humans, so when using a CBD product, it would be wise to listen to your body and watch for any possible problems.
While CBD is non-psychotropic, some believe a little THC may help the CBD work better, which increases the psychotropic affects. Some strains of cannabis have been developed to increase the CBD to THC ratio. As THC is not legal in every state, check with your state before purchasing CBD with THC.